This collection includes high-quality, informal series and other mixed content collections (typically of article-length items). These are often works in progress disseminated for discussion purposes and some of these papers have not been peer reviewed externally. The book-sized titles in the formally-published World Bank Working Papers series can be found under Books.

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  • Domestic Syndications 

    World Bank Group (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-05)
    This background note is intended to assist debt management offices (DMOs) in assessing whether a bond placement scheme combining auctions and syndications is an appropriate strategy in their markets and, if so, to assist ...
  • Smart Grid to Enhance Power Transmission in Vietnam 

    World Bank Group (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    Over the last few decades Vietnam has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and positioning its economy on a sustainable growth path. As a consequence of robust economic growth, ...
  • Addressing Debt Vulnerabilities in Small States 

    Haque, Tobias; Partow, Zeinab; Varma, Sona; Oliveira, Luiz Edgard (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-03)
    The papers in this series aim to provide a vehicle for publishing preliminary results on Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management (MFM) topics to encourage discussion and debate. This ...
  • Delivering Universal and Sustainable Water Services 

    Menzies, Iain (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-03-31)
    A dedicated goal for water has recently been endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly as part of the sustainable development goal (SDG) framework. This study provides an assessment of the global costs of meeting the ...
  • Employer Voices, Employer Demands, and Implications for Public Skills Development Policy 

    Cunningham, Wendy; Villasenor, Paula (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    Educators believe that they are adequately preparing youth for the labor market while at the same time employers lament the students’ lack of skills. A possible source of the mismatch in perceptions is that employers ...
  • Measuring Violent Conflict in Micro-Level Surveys 

    Bruck, Tilman; Justino, Patricia; Verwimp, Philip; Tedesco, Andrew (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    This paper reviews both current practices and common challenges of measuring the causes, functioning, and consequences of violent conflict at the micro-level. The authors review ...
  • Sifting through the Data 

    Scot, Thiago; Rodella, Aude-Sophie (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    In Latin America, labor markets have been the main channel through which growth has reduced poverty, with higher labor income accounting for 49 percent of the reduction in poverty in ...
  • Does Child Sponsorship Pay Off in Adulthood? 

    Wydick, Bruce; Glewwe, Paul; Rutledge, Laine (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    This research estimates the impact of international child sponsorship on adult income and wealth of formerly sponsored children using data on 10,144 individuals in six countries. To ...
  • Prices and welfare 

    Araar, Abdelkrim; Verme, Paolo (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    What is the welfare effect of a price change? This simple question is one of the most relevant and controversial questions in microeconomic theory and its different answers can lead ...
  • Empowerment of Socio-economic Associations 

    Maier, Elisabeth; Rees Smith, Emilie; Shakya, Daksha (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013-06)
    The lord’s resistance army (LRA) has inflicted enormous suffering on millions of civilians in several countries of the Great Lakes and Central African regions since it began operating ...
  • Contingent Liabilities Risk Management 

    Bachmair, Fritz Florian (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-01)
    Sovereign credit guarantees and government on-lending can catalyze private sector investment and fulfill specific policy objectives. However, contingent liabilities stemming from ...
  • Pricing Partially Guaranteed Bonds 

    Launay, Vincent (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    The absence of sovereign bond issuances with World Bank guarantee support for almost 15 years and the customized application of the WB guarantee instrument led potential investors in ...
  • Greying the Budget 

    de Mello, Luiz; Schotte, Simone; Tiongson, Erwin R.; Winkler, Hernan (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    This paper looks at how individual preferences for the allocation of government spending change along the life cycle. Using the Life in Transition Survey II for 34 countries in Europe ...
  • Do Resource-Rich Countries Suffer from a Lack of Fiscal Discipline? 

    Bleaney, Michael; Halland, Havard (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02)
    Fiscal indicators for resource-rich and resource-poor low- and middle-income countries are compared using annual data from 1996 to 2012. Resource richness is defined by export ...
  • The Great Recession and Job Loss Spillovers 

    Nguyen, Ha; Rezaei, Shawheen (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-01)
    This paper explores the spillover effects of job losses via input linkages during the Great Recession. Exploiting exogenous variation in tradable employment shocks across U.S. counties, ...
  • Following Mexican Youth 

    Baron, Juan D.; Popova, Anna; Sanchez, Angelica (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-01)
    This paper exploits data from a rotating panel that follows individuals for four quarters to shed light on the factors driving the time use decisions and restrictions faced by Mexican ...
  • The Costs of Meeting the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal Targets on Drinking Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene 

    Hutton, Guy; Varughese, Mili (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-01)
    A dedicated goal for water has recently been endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly as part of the sustainable development goal (SDG) framework. This study provides an assessment of the global costs of meeting the ...
  • Evaluation of ESMAP Regional Power Trade Portfolio 

    Means, Robert C. (2004-12-01)
    The joint United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) is a special global technical assistance partnership sponsored ...
  • When Does ICT-Enabled Citizen Voice Lead to Government Responsiveness? 

    Peixoto, Tiago; Fox, Jonathan (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-01)
    This paper reviews evidence on the use of 23 information and communication technology (ICT) platforms to project citizen voice to improve public service delivery. This meta-analysis focuses on empirical studies of ...
  • Understanding the Trends in Learning Outcomes in Argentina, 2000 to 2012 

    de Hoyos, Rafael; Holland, Peter A.; Troiano, Sara (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-12)
    This paper seeks to understand what drove the trends in learning outcomes in Argentina between 2000 and 2012, using data from four rounds of the Program for International Student ...

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